Nigeria finds H5N1 in bird markets

first_imgJul 25, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Animal health officials in Nigeria today reported finding the H5N1 avian influenza virus at two live bird markets, as officials in Hong Kong announced they would go ahead with a buyout of poultry farmers and merchants to reduce the risk of H5N1 outbreaks in the city.The H5N1 findings in Nigeria came during routine surveillance, according to an epidemiology report submitted by Nigeria today to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).On Jun 27, veterinary officials detected the virus in a chicken at a live bird market in Kebbi state, in northwestern Nigeria. On Jul 19, animal health workers found the virus in a duck at a live bird market in Gombe state in the east-central part of the country. The reports did not say if bird deaths were reported in the area or if the birds that were sampled appeared sick.A detailed investigation was under way to determine the source of the virus, which might be contact between poultry and wild birds, the OIE report said. Officials said they have restricted the movement of birds inside the country and have disinfected the areas where the birds were kept. No birds were culled.Nigeria’s last H5N1 outbreak occurred in October 2007, according to an overview from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).Buyout plan proceedsIn Hong Kong, officials today announced they would proceed with a buyout of poultry farmers and market sellers to reduce the infection threat posed by live bird sales, according to a report from Bloomberg News.In early June, the H5N1 virus was found in birds in four market stalls, which led to the culling of thousands of birds and a 6-week suspension of live poultry sales at the market, according to previous reports. City officials also banned poultry from overnight stays in the market.Only 72% of the poultry sellers accepted Hong Kong’s buyout offer, which fell short of the city’s goal of shuttering 85% of the vendors, according to an Associated Press (AP) report today. However, the government extended the deadline for sellers to take the buyout until Sep 24, the report said.At its current level, the buyout will reduce the number of poultry sold in the markets each day from 40,000 to 11,000, the AP reported.”This is a substantial reduction of live chickens in our markets, and we’ve substantially reduced the risk of transmission of avian influenza to humans in our markets,” York Chow, Hong Kong’s secretary of food and health, told the AP.In other developments, the agriculture ministry in Vietnam has reported recent H5N1 outbreaks in three provinces, according to reports from Xinhua, China’s state news agency.The virus recently hit two southern provinces, Tra Vinh and Dong Thap, according to a Jul 21 Xinhua report. In the Dong Thap outbreak, the virus struck 350 backyard birds at a household in Chau Thanh district.The agriculture ministry also confirmed an outbreak in Nghe An province in central Vietnam, according to a Jul 22 report from Xinhua. Starting Jul 18, that outbreak struck 30 chickens and 160 ducks at household in Nghi Loc district.Vietnam has had several H5N1 outbreaks this year, mainly in areas near the Mekong Delta.South Korea to extend surveillanceElsewhere, agriculture ministers in South Korea on Jul 22 said the country would monitor for avian flu year-round, rather than just when migratory birds are in the country, Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported on Jul 23. In April, the virus resurfaced in South Korea after a year’s hiatus and spread to nearly every part of the country.The ministry said it would regularly monitor migratory and resident birds and would inspect chicken and duck farms every other week for both high- and low-pathogenic avian influenza stains, the AFP report said.Officials said that in the past they monitored birds for influenza from November to March, the season when migratory birds are in South Korea and the weather is most favorable for the spread of the disease, AFP reported.In related developments, a veterinarian at Chungnam National University in South Korea said scientists isolated the H5N1 virus from a dead cat, according to a report this week from the newspaper Chosun Ilbo. Kim Chul-joong, a professor at the university’s college of veterinary medicine, said the cat was found dead along the Mangyeong River in Gimje, North Jeolla province, where the first outbreak was reported in April.Kim told Chosun Ilbo that tests were underway at the National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service to determine if the virus caused the cat’s death.Meanwhile, two rounds of avian flu exercises in Laos are helping the country to protect itself against the H5N1 virus, the FAO said in a statement yesterday. The FAO said in late June it had completed a second drill in Oudomxay, in northwestern Laos. The 4-day exercise brought together 60 participants from provincial and local agriculture, forestry, health, law enforcement, information, and cultural groups.The FAO said the exercises tested the area’s preparedness and capacity to respond quickly to outbreaks and helped forge better relationships among all of the groups. Last year the FAO spearheaded a similar exercise in Juang Prabang province, also in the northwestern part of the country.”There are many ways to approach HPAI [highly pathogenic avian influenza] preparedness, but FAO has found from experiences in a number of countries . . .that simulation exercises are among the most effective,” the agency said.See also:Jul 23 FAO reportOIE reports on 2008 outbreaksFAO overview of global H5N1 outbreakslast_img read more

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Ghana calls-up pre-CHAN squad

first_imgGhana names a 28-man squad to begin preparations for next year’s African Nations Championship – CHAN – on December 17.Only one second-tier player, Joseph Larweh from Tema Youth makes the list which is dominated by players from Premier League.The selected players are to report to camp at the M-Plaza Hotel in Accra at 10:00am.The home-based national team, who won the GoTV Wafu Cup last month are paired in Group C with Libya, Ethiopia and Congo for the 2014 African Nations Championship in South Africa.The 16-nation tournament to be staged by South Africa will kick-off on 11 January and finishes on 1 February 2014.Selected squad Goalkeepers: Stephen Adams (Aduana Stars) Foli Adade (Medeama) Isaac Amoako (Asante Kotoko) Defenders: Godfred Saka (Aduana Stars), Tijani Joshua (AshantiGold) Francis Morton (Ebusua Dwarfs) Emmanuel Asante (Bechem United) Kwabena Adusei and Abeiku Ainooson (Asante Kotoko) Nuru Sulley (Hearts of Oak) Alfred Nelson (Liberty Professionals) Attamah Larweh Joseph (Tema Youth) Midfielders: Michael Akuffo, Jordan Opoku, Richard Mpong and Yahaya Mohammed (Asante Kotoko) Jackson Owusu (Berekum Chelsea) Moro Abubakar (Hearts of Oak) Edmund Owusu-Ansah (Heart of Lions) Daniel Darkwah (Aduana Stars) Theophilus Anobaah (Medeama) Aseidu Attorbrah (New Edubiase) Latif Mohammed and Francis Adjei (AshantiGold) Strikers: Sulley Mohammed (King Faisal) Richard Gadze (Ebusua Dwarfs) Samuel Yeboah (Hearts of Lions) Kennedy Boateng (Medeama)last_img read more

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Governor says state lab doubles testing capacity, prisoners to make hand sanitizer

first_imgDES MOINES — Governor Kim Reynolds says the state is taking steps to expand child care options and ensure low-income students can get school lunches even as schools in the state are closed due to the COVID-19 outbreak.“I think I’ll state the obvious, again, this is an unprecedented time for our state and our nation,” Reynolds said at the open of a news conference Monday afternoon. “We are monitoring the situation in real time and making evidence-based decisions to mitigate and slow the spread of the virus.”On Sunday, Reynolds recommended that Iowa schools close for four weeks. The U.S.D.A. has given Iowa a waiver, so Iowa schools can continue to provide meals to low-income students on a “grab and go” basis.Earlier Monday afternoon, legislative leaders announced they plan to waive the requirement that Iowa schools reschedule canceled days between now and April 12. The governor said policymakers will reassess after that, as school officials consider whether summer school may be required or whether members of the Class of 2020 meet the requirements for high school graduation.“But right now, this really gave them I think some relief that they were looking for as they try to plan what their next steps are in educating Iowa students,” Reynolds said.It was on Monday of last week that the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed in Iowa. The governor announced late Monday afternoon that a 23rd case had been confirmed, in a Dallas County resident.“A second shift is being added to the State Hygienic Lab to expand our testing capabilities. Our daily capacity will now increase from 54 to 108 tests per day,” Reynolds said. “When the situation warrants, we are ready at that point to add a third shift so that we can run tests around the clock.”Reynolds told reporters she hopes to get at least two of the “drive through” testing sites set up in Iowa, with priority given to first responders, health care workers and Iowans above the age of 65. President Trump has urged governors around the country to try to secure more ventilators for hospitals that will be inundated with critical COVID cases. State officials say details about how many ventilators are in the state today is confidential. Reynolds said she’s talked with private companies about getting more here.Some other governors and big-city mayors have ordered the closure of bars and restaurants. Reynolds is not taking that step, but she is encouraging Iowans to avoid crowds and stay home as much as possible.“Practice social distancing, so don’t cram yourself into some of those venues. You have a role to play in helping us mitigate the spread and to bend the curve,” Reynolds said. “…There’ll be another St. Paddy’s Day next year.”The governor also urged Iowans not to hoard food or other products. She said inmates in the state’s prison system will start making hand sanitizer.last_img read more

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